Skimming is a strategic, selective reading method in which you focus on main ideas or specific topics. During the search, you deliberately skip text that provides details, stories, data, examples, or other elaboration. You extract the essence or “gist” of the author’s message rather than the finer points.
Sometimes we only need the “big picture” or main points when we’re reading, not the details. Knowing when and how to skim will help you become a more efficient, strategic reader. You’ll be able to preview and review vast amounts of material quickly.
- Skimming forces you to differentiate main ideas from support.
Preview, Review, Overview:
- Skimming provides an introduction to a text.
- Skimming before class improves listening and note-taking.
- Skimming after reading helps you recall content and structure.
- Skimming is an efficient way to refresh your memory of large amounts of material before an exam.
- Skimming saves time when gathering and evaluating research material.
Since you’re skipping material, you’re also missing content.
- Supporting detail and elaboration are important for comprehension.
Wheat vs. Chaff:
- Read only the amount of text necessary to determine if a section presents a main idea or supports a main idea.
Beginnings & Endings:
- Read first and last sentences of paragraphs. Read first and last paragraphs of major sections. Read introductions and summaries of chapters.
Visual & Verbal Cues:
- Watch for signal words and phrases that indicate an author’s direction (e.g., however, although, moreover, in addition to).
- Pay attention to proper nouns, enumerations, and words and phrases that appear in bold, italics, color, or special sections.
Download PDF: Skimming
REMEMBER: The UNC Learning Center is a great resource! Both Peer Tutoring and Academic Coaching can help you create a balanced approach to succeeding at Carolina. Our friendly staff is ready to help – drop by or make an appointment!
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License. You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Learning Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.