Let’s be honest: we all struggle with distractions to some degree. Distractions can take many forms, including our phones, computers, friends, or our own thoughts. In college, distractions can be even more abundant than in high school, because there are so many new opportunities and experiences available. Additionally, most college students have more flexibility and less structure in college than they did in high school. Usually, no one else is there to keep you on task—you’re in charge of making your own schedule and focusing when it’s time to study.
Many students struggle to stay focused and end up not getting the most of their study sessions and thus sometimes need to cram at the last minute to get work finished. Fortunately, there are many strategies available to keep yourself distraction-free. This handout shares strategies to manage internal and external distractions so that you can maximize your focus (and your success) in college.
Managing internal distractions
Internal distractions are your own thoughts and emotions. This can include thoughts about pressing responsibilities or pleasant things that you’d rather be doing. This can also include emotions about life circumstances, the task you are working on, fears, and worries. Below are some tips to help you manage your internal distractions.
Make a daily plan.
- Schedule time for each task that you have to do. Plan to work in short chunks (no more than one hour at a time) and then take a break! Incorporating breaks will help you stay focused during your work time.
- Discover the best time of day for you to tackle challenging assignments. Doing the most challenging tasks first thing in the morning can help prevent getting caught up with distractions, but do what works best for you.
- Incorporate movement and fun. Make sure to schedule in times to participate in activities that you enjoy each day and week. Add some movement or exercise into your daily schedule. This could be anything from taking a fitness class at the gym to going on a run to dancing. Movement while studying can also help you stay focused. Try a treadmill desk at the Student Union or a standing desk. How about using a white board?
Manage your thoughts while studying.
- Plan an activity to transition your mind for focus, like deep breathing or listening to music.
- Write down competing and distracting thoughts on a post-it or notebook and save them for later. This way, you won’t forget about them but you hopefully will be able to put them aside until you are done working.
- Consider building movement into your study time.
Get enough rest!
- Everyone is more distracted when tired. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep each night.
Set SMART goals (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, timely).
- Having specific goals can help you stay on task and feel motivated.
Engage in self-talk.
- If you find your mind wandering when you should be working, tell yourself to get back on task and that you need to complete this work.
- Praise yourself and verbally reinforce positive behaviors. Tell yourself that you did a great job when you accomplish a task.
- Remind yourself that you are capable and just need to put forth more effort if you start thinking you don’t have what it takes to succeed.
- Self-regulation is when you use processes to be aware of and control your behaviors and thoughts. This will help you deal with distractions that can interfere with your learning. For example, move to another table when you are in the library and distracted by someone talking near you.
Managing external distractions
External distractions are ones that originate outside of you—things like technology (phones, social media, websites, YouTube, video games, Netflix), other people, or noises around you. Below are some tips for managing external distractions.
Pick a setting that is a good match for the academic task.
Did you know the library has a helpful tool to find different types of study environments? Consider these questions before committing to a study location:
- Can you really stay focused in your dorm room or house when studying?
- What’s better: a group setting or working alone?
- What’s better: the library or a cozy spot in a coffee shop?
- Do you work better with complete silence or a little background noise?
Consider the noise level you need to work productively:
- Do you need earplugs or head phones to cancel out surrounding noise?
- Try background sound. Play white noise on your computer, like rainymood or simplynoise. Run a fan or play quiet music.
Ask a friend, roommate, or classmate to keep you accountable to your goals and fight against distractions. Here are some ways a friend can help:
- Give your phone or laptop to a friend to hold onto when you are studying.
- Try studying with a friend or group to hold each other accountable to staying on task.
Take charge of technology distractions
Limit or bar yourself from unnecessary technology use during study and class times. This is another thing you can ask a friend to hold you accountable to!
- Leave your smartphone, laptop, etc. either at home or with a friend while studying.
- Use internet-blocking sites or self-management tools. Click here to learn more.
Connect with resources
Make an appointment with an academic coach to create a plan to decrease distractions in your life or to work on any other academic issue.
Dembo, M. and Seli, H. (2013). Motivation and learning strategies for college success: A focus on self-regulated learning (4th ed.). New York: Routledge.
Holschuh, J. and Nist, S. (2000). Active learning: Strategies for college success. Massachusetts: Allyn & Bacon.
Rosen, L. D., Carrier, L. M., & Cheever, N. A. (2013). Facebook and texting made me do it: Media-induced task-switching while studying. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 948-958.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License.
You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute the source: The Learning Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill